Richard Green on gender variance

Richard Green, M.D., J.D. (born 6 June 1936) is an American sexologist, psychiatrist, lawyer, and author specializing in sex and gender minorities, notably homosexuality, transsexualism, (specifically "gender identity disorder" in children), and pedophilia. [1]

Green was born in Brooklyn, New York. [2] He earned his A.B. from Syracuse University in 1957, his M.D. from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1961, and his J.D. from Yale Law School in 1987.

Beginning in the 1960s, Green and John Money collaborated on publications about transsexualism and case management for "sissy" boys.[3] Green was founding editor of Archives of Sexual Behavior in 1971 and founding president of the International Academy of Sex Research in 1973.[4] In 1979 Green was a founding committee member of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association and served as president from 1997-1999. He previously directed the human sexuality program at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.[5]

During the American Psychiatric Assoication's heated debate in the early 1970s about the declassification of homosexuality as a mental illness, Green argued forcefully in favor of the removal.[1] He argued that the grounds for deciding the issue should be the "historical and cross-cultural groundings in homosexual expression, associated psychiatric features accompanying a homosexual orientation, the emotional consequences to the homosexual of societal condemnation, and behaviors of other species".[1] Green supported the eventual APA decision while strongly criticizing the fact that the administration put it to a vote, saying that such "a shotgun marriage between science and democracy" was "ludicrous".[1]

Green has been Professor of Psychiatry at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was co-counsel for Elke Sommer in her libel suit against Zsa Zsa Gabor.[6] He served on the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders.[7] Green turned over the editorship of Archives of Sexual Behavior in 2002 to Kenneth Zucker.[8] In 2006 he was awarded the Magnus Hirschfeld Medal for Sexual Research.

Green is research director and consultant psychiatrist at the Gender Identity Clinic at Charing Cross Hospital in London. Senior Research Fellow and Member of Darwin College, Cambridge. His life partner Melissa Hines is a professor of psychology and director of the Behavioural Neuroendocrinology Research Unit at the City University of London.

In terms of his research on biology and sexual orientation, Green is strongly optimistic about progress and has told a reporter that "I suspect that at least in your lifetime we will find a gene that contributes substantially to sexual orientation."[9]

He is a frequent defender of J. Michael Bailey, publishing in Bailey's defense in the journal they control, the Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Selected publications

Green R (1969). Transsexualism and Sex Reassignment. The Johns Hopkins University Press (November 1, 1969) ISBN 0-8018-1038-8.

Green R (1974). Sexual identity conflict in children and adults. Basic Books (1974). ISBN 0-465-07726-9.

Green R (1979). Human Sexuality: A Health Practitioner's Text. Williams & Wilkins; 2nd edition (June, 1979) ISBN 0-683-03764-1.

Green R (1987). The "Sissy Boy Syndrome" and the Development of Homosexuality. Yale Univ Pr (February, 1987) ISBN 0-300-03696-5.

West DJ, Green R (eds.) (1997). Sociolegal Control of Homosexuality : A Multi-Nation Comparison. Springer; 1 edition (October 31, 1997) ISBN 0-306-45532-3.

Green R (1992). Sexual Science and the Law. Harvard University Press (November, 1992). ISBN 0-674-80268-3.

Green R (2003). Letter to the Editor: The “T” Word  Archives of Sexual Behavior (see commentary here)

Green R (2008). Lighten Up, Ladies. Archives of Sexual Behavior.


1. Green, R. (2002). Is pedophilia a mental disorder? Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 31, 2002. A copy of the article is available from Questia.

2. Peacock S, Editor (1997). Contemporary Authors. Vol. 159, p. 157. Gale, ISBN 0787618624

3. Effeminacy in prepubertal boys; Summary of eleven cases and recommendations for case management. Pediatrics Vol. 27 No. 2 February 1961, pp. 286-291

4. Green R (1985). The International Academy of Sex Research: In the beginning. Archives of Sexual Behavior 14: 293-302.

5. Brody, Jane E. (January 26, 1982). Psychiatrists on homosexuality: Vigorous discord voiced at meeting. New York Times

6. Pool, Bob (December 9, 1993). $3.3-Million Libel Award in Sommer-Gabor Feud. Los Angeles Times

7. Bradley SJ, Blanchard R, Coates SW, Green R, Levine SB, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Pauly IB, Zucker KJ (1991). Interim report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 20, Number 4 / August, 1991

8. Green R (2001). A 30 years' thank you. Archives of Sexual Behavior 30: 633-637.

9. Homosexuality and Biology. By Chandler Burr. The Atlantic Monthly. June 2007.

External links

Richard Green profile

1997 interview