Ira Pauly and transsexualism

Ira Basil Pauly (born 1931) is an American psychiatrist best known for his influential work on transsexualism.

Education and career

Pauly earned his undergraduate degree from University of California, Los Angeles in 1953, where he was a standout football center. He won their 1953 leadership trophy and made the Academic All-American team as UCLA won the Pacific Coast Conference and played in the Rose Bowl. [1]

In the 1960s, while on the faculty at University of Oregon Medical School, Pauly began writing and speaking about treatment of transsexualism. He came around on sex reassignment in 1961 "after soul-searching deliberation." [2] Pauly noted that both transsexualism and abortion were "sex and tabooed topics" that caused strong responses. [2] Pauly is noted for undertaking the first global review of the published outcome data on transsexualism in 1965. [3] In the mid-1960s, he began collaborating with endocronologist Harry Benjamin, who cited Pauly's work in The Transsexual Phenomenon. [4] The two later worked to popularize their research in the lay press.[5]

Paul McHugh would become dean of the University of Oregon Medical School before leaving to close down gender services at Johns Hopkins.

In 1975, Lindgren and Pauly introduced a Body Image Scale where subjects rate feelings about 30 body parts from 1 (very satisfied) to 5 (very dissatisfied).[6] His 1981 follow-up report on outcome data was later published with independent reviews by Bengt Lundström and Jan Wålinder in 1984.

Pauly left Oregon for an appointment as professor and chairman, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Nevada School of Medicine in Reno, Nevada. Under his leadership they developed a fully-accredited residency in psychiatry. [7] Pauly served on the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders.[8] He retired in 1994.

Selected publications

  • Pauly IB (1965). Male psychosexual inversion: Transsexualism: A review of 100 cases. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1965 Aug;13:172-81.
  • Pauly IB (1968). The current status of the change of sex operation. J Nerv Ment Dis, Nov;147(5):460-71.
  • Pauly IB (1974). Female transsexualism: Part I. Archives of Sexual Behavior 3: 487-507
  • Pauly IB (1974). Female Transsexualism: Part II. Archives of Sexual Behavior 3 (6): 509-26.
  • Lindgren TW, Pauly IB (1975). A body image scale for evaluating transsexuals. Archives of Sexual Behavior Nov; 4(6): 639-56
  • Pauly IB (1981). Outcome of sex reassignment surgery for transsexuals. Aust. NZ. Jn. of Psychiatry, 15(1), 45-51.
  • Lundström B, Pauly IB, Wålinder J (1984). Outcome of sex reassignment surgery. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 70, 289-94.
  • Pauly IB, MT Edgerton (1986). The gender identity movement: A growing surgical-psychiatric liaison. Archives of Sexual Behavior Aug;15(4):315-29.
  • Bradley SJ, Blanchard R, Coates SW, Green R, Levine SB, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Pauly IB, Zucker KJ (1991). Interim report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 20, Number 4 / August, 1991
  • Pauly IB (1993). Terminology and classification of gender identity disorders. In Walter O. Bockting, Eli Coleman, eds. Gender Dysphoria: Interdisciplinary Approaches in Clinical Management.. Haworth Press ISBN 1560244739

References

1. Davis C (June 3, 2004). Jewish Sportsmen?! No Joke. The Jewish Journal.

2. Meyerowitz JJ (2002). How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States . Harvard University Press ISBN 9780674009257

3. Bockting WO, Coleman E (1993). Gender Dysphoria: Interdisciplinary Approaches in Clinical Management. . Haworth Press ISBN 1560244739

4. Benjamin H (1966) The Transsexual Phenomenon . Julian Press; Reprint Warner 1977 ISBN 9780446824262

5. Benjamin H, Pauly IB. (1969). The maturing science of sex reassignment. Saturday Review 52: 72–78.

6. Francoeur RT, Baker D, Koch PB, Weis DL (1998). Sexuality in America: Understanding Our Sexual Values and Behavior . Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0826411932

7. Pugh RG (2003). The Cutting Edge: Reflections & Memories by Doctors on Medical Advances in Reno (The Golden Age of Medicine Series) . University of Nevada Press ISBN 097102670X

8. Bradley SJ, Blanchard R, Coates SW, Green R, Levine SB, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Pauly IB, Zucker KJ (1991). Interim report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. Archives of Sexual Behavior Volume 20, Number 4 / August, 1991

External links

* Ira Pauly via Jews in Sports
http://www.jewsinsports.org/profile.asp?sport=football&ID=292