J. Michael Bailey miscellany

A page for stuff from BBL researchers and contributors that doesn't have its own page yet.

 


From Psychologist Chris Brand

http://www.crispian.demon.co.uk

Dr Sex‚ VERSUS ANTI-HOMOPHOBISTS AND ASSORTED FAGGOTS A book-burning
witch-hunt began against psychologist J. Michael Bailey, of Northwestern
University, near Chicago, who claimed from his research that some
transsexuals are homosexuals, thus apparently managing to annoy
Œrepresentatives‚ of both these hyper-sensitive groups at the same time.
Fortunately, Chronicles of Higher Education (20 vi) gave Bailey, a ŒTexan
nerd‚, a friendly write up, saying he had plenty of transsexual/friends, did
a good job on the dance floor and bought a round of drinks, so there was a
possibility that he and his book, The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of
Gender-Bending and Transsexualism, might survive.


sent August 20

Dear Ms. Leondar-Wright:

One of my research assistants sent me this:
http://www.lambdalit.org/Festival/confirmedpanels.html
Confirmed panels
October 10-12, 2003
"THE INFLUENCE OF transgender WRITING ON LESBIAN AND GAY LITERATURE"
Gail Leondar Wright, Moderator; Toni Amato, J. Michael Bailey, Kate Bornstein, Leslie Feinberg, Gordene McKensie, Nancy Nangeroni, Riki Wilchins
I know you did work for Kate and Leslie, and that you appeared on Gordene’s and Nancy’s show, but I am interested in the particulars on Bailey's involvement.
As you may know, many in the community find his recent lurid portrayal of transsexuals to be the most defamatory book on the subject since 1979. He was sharply criticized by the Director of the Kinsey Institute and is under investigation by Northwestern University.
Please confirm that you plan to invite Bailey so we can prepare a response.
I would also like to know if your services have been retained by Bailey.


Janet Pierrehumbert, along with Co-PI Mike Bailey, has received an ILS seed grant from Northwestern University entitled "Sexual Orientation and Speech," which will investigate the age of acquisition of phonetic patterns related to gender identity, with a view to evaluating the critical period for language acquistion. Other faculty involved in the project are: Ann Bradlow, Karla McGregor of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Benjamin Munson of the University of Minnesota and Ken Zucker of the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry in Toronto.

http://www.wcas.northwestern.edu/linguistics/happening/currentnews.html


Grant to Kinsey Institute draws GOP fire <http://www.indystar.com/print/articles/1/054679-1401-009.html>
Bailey female arosal study briefly cited. 20 conservative congress members wrote to NIH head to protest.


From the November 1994 Northwestern Observer How Gender And Sexual Orientation Influence Dating Dynamics

http://www.northwestern.edu/univ-relations/media/observer/1994-95observer/social-science/gaygend-socsci.html

The study's other primary co-investigator is Steven Gaulin, University of Pittsburgh.

Makes a pro-Bailey amazon review without disclosure


http://www.hbcollege.com/psych/atkinson/student/boxes/ch10.html

Lists Bailey, Clarke, LeVay, "gay gene" site, as well as respectable information


Bailey scheduled to discuss ethics (!)

Date TBA Sexual Orientation Workshop
J. Michael Bailey
Northwestern University
Dean Hamer, NIH
Angela Pattatucci, NIH
Larry Gross
University of Pennsylvania
Lisa Diamond
University of Utah
Timothy Murphy,
University of Illinois at Chicago
Time TBA
Location TBA
http://www.uic.edu/com/mcme/ethics/Events.html


Bailey in the Advocate

(sent by a reader after out article appeared)

http://www.advocate.com/html/news/102099/102099health01.asp

http://www.advocate.com/html/stories/859/859_archives_636.asp

http://www.advocate.com/html/stories/816/816_endangered.asp

http://www.advocate.com/html/stories/816/816_hamer.asp


Some McHugh

Melbourne Herald Sun, 14 July, 2003
Transsexuals may need help, not surgery
An important issue over-looked in the controversy over the
transsexual, would-be police person is whether gender reassignment
surgery
can ever be justified.
Dr Paul McHugh, director of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins School of
Medicine, said "a patient's feeling that he is a woman trapped in a
man's
body is not obviously different from an anorexic woman's feeling that
she
is
drastically overweight".
"We don't do liposuction on anorexics.  Why amputate the genitals of
these poor men?  Surely the fault is in the mind, not the member."
In the 1970s McHugh halted sex-change operations at Johns Hopkins,
calling them "perhaps with the exception of frontal lobotomy, the most
radical therapy ever encouraged by 20th century psychiatrists".
His conclusion was that reputable surgeons should not be in the
business of carving up a healthy body to satisfy a feeling about what
that
body should be.
A new argument against sex-change operations is the developing demand
for a different kind of surgery, where people ask to have one or more
healthy limbs cut off because they say they don't feel whole or happy
with
both arms and both legs attached.
This condition is known as apotemnophilia.  Last year a surgeon in
Scotland drew heavy publicity for amputating the healthy legs of two
patients.
His hospital stopped him before he could amputate the leg of a third.
Minnesota bioethicist Carl Elliott notes that "clinicians and
patients alike often suggest apotemnophilia is like gender-identity
disorder
and that amputation is like sex reassignment surgery".
What is needed before more men are cut up is a review of the
castrations to date to determine whether the victims are any happier
and
have had their psychological problems resolved, or whether they are
still
dysfunctional in one or more ways and would have been better treated
with
psychiatry.
- Babette Francis, Endeavour Forum, Toorak, Melbourne,
http://www.endeavourforum.org.au/


He clearly has no sense of irony does he? "Hindrance to Scientific Truth"? It wouldn't seem that he could recognise the truth it it came up and bit him on the bottom! Bluntly translated he means "people's own feelings and views get in the way of how I arrogantly wish to label them".

There's an interesting-looking bibiliography of "Identity Politics" at http://www.sil.org/~radneyr/humanities/politics/biblio.htm

See for instance "The Politics of Identity in Late Modern Society" at http://www.sil.org/~radneyr/humanities/politics/polident.htm

The term mostly seems to be used in connection with racial and national identity .. though it does strike me as applying, in modified form, to the stand-off between those who view their individuality as natural and unique and those who would characterise such flexibility as a disease or political rebellion. The latter regard contemporary norms as being axiomatic .. presenting them as self-evident and essential truths about the world which are immutable and there to be defended from corruption. And this is, of course, what we see in Scientists (of any kind) who are tempted to start with such an uncritical assumption as a baseline and construct theories to explain what they're not comfortable with.

Of course, if their treasured status quo were as natural and immutable as they assert then they really would have nothing to worry about .. for nothing would change as a result of minorities being different. However, as most of us are probably old enough to know first hand, today's norm is tomorrow's nostalgia documentary .. where we point and laugh and say, "Do you remember when we were like that .. wasn't that quaint?".

Within my own lifetime girls were once hidden away if they became pregnant outside marriage (sometimes even incarcerated in mental hospitals) .. it was a sin to have sex outside of marriage, let alone live together .. women didn't have careers .. black people could never achieve professional status .. and so on and so forth.

In truth there seems to be little about human beings and the societies / standards which we construct which isn't open to question and change. Apart from eating, seeking warmth and reproducing everything else we do is a construction of our own making .. held together by mutual assent to suit the needs of the moment. And when the environment changes so do the standards. That's why it is no longer socially necessary to pick fleas off the person sitting next to you. The idea of building theories of deviant or psychotic behaviour out of mere failure to conform is therefore doomed from the start, and can only be construed as a means of trying to legitimise oppression.

When Bailey uses "Identity Politics" it sounds rather like the way that others talk of that other popular term "Political Correctness" .. as though there is something wrong about being "correct" when practicing politics. What's wrong with having an identity ? What does that mean ? Surely it merely expresses the desire for the freedom to say "I (or we) am (/are) different to you". And it only becomes "political" when that statement is made intensely personal by resistance to such a simple freedom.

Why is "I'm different to you" subversive ? Well, just as people have difficulty understanding what it is like to be trans, I think I have to struggle to try and imagine what it is like to be that much afraid of nonconformity.

The best stab I can take is that it works like this for some people :

1. If people can be non-conformist then standards may change.

2. I like things as they are because I feel secure.

3. Conformity helps me feel secure because I know where I stand - I'm one of the corporate whole

4. If a non-conformist behaviour catches on then I'll be less secure - my own norms may become the minority, or I may not know which horse to back. I may wake up one morning and find I'm in the minority.

5. Therefore non-conformity frightens me. I deny this possibility to myself by rationalising that the status quo is "natural" and has always been that way.

What we are dealing with therefore is deep seated fear, dressed up as arrogant self-assurance. Allowing difference to be expressed in Identity terms threatens the franchise of those who pathologise without being invited. It is one thing to go to a doctor and say, "Can you tell me what I've got and fix it becuase I don't like it". It is a different thing entirely to point at people and declare them sick and in need of intervention because, at heart, you really can't tolerate the fact of their difference.


Study: Gender Determined in Womb
The Associated Press
May 12 2000 5:01PM ET
BALTIMORE (AP) - A study of male children who were born without penises
and
raised as girls found that most of them considered themselves boys when
they
got older - suggesting that gender identity is determined in the womb.
The results call into question the practice of surgically ``reassigning''
the
sex of such infants, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Hospital said
Friday.
Researchers tracked the development of 27 children who had been born
without
a penis, a rare defect known as a cloacal exstrophy. The infants were
otherwise male with normal testicles, male genes and hormones.
Twenty-five of the children were sex-reassigned - doctors castrated them
at
birth and their parents raised them as girls.
But over the years, all of the children, now ages 5 to 16, exhibited the
rough-and-tumble play of boys. Fourteen declared themselves to be boys,
in
one case as early as age 5, said Dr. William G. Reiner, a child and
adolescent psychiatrist and urologist at the Hopkins Children's Center.
``These studies indicate that with time and age, children may well know
what
their gender is, regardless of any and all information and child-rearing
to
the contrary,'' he said. ``They seem to be quite capable of telling us
who
they are.''
The two children who were not reassigned and were raised as boys fit in
well
with their normal male peers and were better adjusted psychologically
than
the reassigned children, Reiner said.
The findings were presented Friday at the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric
Endocrine
Society Meeting in Boston.
``This has very profound implications for the development of gender
identity,'' said Michael Bailey, an associate professor of psychology at
Northwestern University, who studies gender identity and sexual
orientation.
``This suggests that hormones' effect on the brain has a major impact on
gender identity.''
Reiner also called for a thorough review of the practice of sex
reassignment
of children.
Dr. Marianne J. Legato, a professor of clinical medicine who studies the
differences between men and women at Columbia University, said that
sexual
differentiation occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy.
``When the brain has been masculinized by exposure to testosterone, it is
kind of useless to say to this individual, `You're a girl,''' she said.
``It
is this impact of testosterone that gives males the feelings that they
are
men.''
The results contradicted a Canadian study published in the journal
Pediatrics
in 1998 that suggested gender identity develops after birth. In that
study,
researchers found that a boy who was raised as a girl after his penis was
mutilated during circumcision continued to live as a woman.

Blanchard, R., & Collins, P. I. (1993). Men with sexual interest in
>transvestites, transsexuals, and she-males. Journal of Nervous and
>Mental Disease, 181, 570-575.

she-males: best of both worlds?
by Russ Kick (russ@mindpollen.com) - February 10, 2001
One of the greatest things about sexuality is its anarchic nature. The more
you learn about sexual practices, the more you see that sex simply refuses
to be tamed, boxed-in, classified, or even understood. To pick just one of
many examples, consider the case of the so-called "she-males."
"She-males" is one of the names given to men who appear to be women in all
ways except one. They have breasts, usually small and perky but sometimes
fairly large, apparently thanks to silicone implants. Their faces can have
traces--sometimes large traces--of masculinity, but the most amazing ones
look for all the world like beautiful women. In fact, the best
she-males--with long, slender legs and sleek tummies--would lead you to
believe that they're complete babes . . . until you see the schlong between
their legs.
She-males are actually pre-operative male-to-female transsexuals. That is,
they're men who are in the process of becoming women, usually through
hormone treatment. At some point they may or may not have sex-reassignment
surgery (AKA "a sex-change operation") to have their genitals made into a
vagina. But for right now, they combine femininity with big-dickedness.
If you look in the sex section of many alternative weekly newspapers, you'll
see tons of ads for she-males. Porn mags aimed at straight men, such as
Hustler, often have ads for she-male porn and phone sex. (Of course, what
are the odds that the person on the other end of the line is really a
transsexual?). And the Web is loaded with sites like All Nude Shemales,
Hegals.com, She's Got a Dick, Well-Hung Ladies, and TrannyPalooza. Yahoo!
alone lists almost 90 she-male galleries that charge for access. It's
obvious that there's quite a market for sexually explicit material featuring
transsexuals, but it's a bit less obvious that the main audience for
transsexual porn is straight men.
After all, gay men are attracted to men, not women who have penises. As the
"Myths about Transsexualism" document at Sexuality.org notes, "[G]ay men do
not usually like transsexuals." A question on this topic posted to the
Y?Forum Web site (which takes an honest look at stereotypical traits of
various groups) yielded answers from several gay men, all of whom testified
that they and all the gay men they know are not attracted to male-to-female
transsexuals or transvestites (i.e., men who wear women's clothes).
J. Michael Bailey
, Associate professor of Psychology at Northwestern
University, gained insight from a Chicago-area transsexual: "The gay
community rejects transsexuals, according to Alberta, because 'they're
jealous that we get to have sex with straight men.'" Further on, Bailey
writes, "The transsexuals I know who worked as she-male prostitutes
confirmed this [that their johns are usually heterosexual men]. 'There was
nothing gay about those men,' said one, who knows plenty about gay men." One
she-male prostitute interviewed by Bailey said that the most common sex act
performed with her johns is fellatio, with her on the receiving end.
A letter writer on The Gay Gene Web site, run by Chandler Burr, the author
of A Separate Creation: The Search for the Biological Origins of Sexual
Orientation (New York: Hyperion, 1996), notes: "Walter L. Williams (a gay
anthropologist) remarks that he has spoken with a number of biologically
male people who pass for female, but have not actually gotten sex-change
surgery. He says that these people, when developing relationships with
boyfriends, do not mention that they have male genitalia until the last
possible moment (in one case, not until the wedding night). At the point of
this revelation, the boyfriends--who would identify themselves as
heterosexual--will go on to have a sexual relationship about ninety percent
of the time."
Legendary trash-flick director John Waters (Pink Flamingos, Hairspray, Cecil
B. DeMented) has commented on the subject, saying in an interview, "I know
that drag queens and transsexuals are always chased by men who seem to
identify as being straight. And most of the transvestites I know in America
have told me that straight men want transvestites to fuck them up the ass .
. ."
Naturally, in the midst of all this horniness, it needs to be emphasized
that this fetishization of pre-op transsexuals quickly becomes degrading.
The very name "she-males" and its synonyms--including "chicks with dicks,"
"he-shes," "its," and "trannies"--are meanspirited to varying degrees, to
say nothing of Web sites like Bizarre Tranz, Sick Transsexuals, and
Sexyfreaks.com. Then again, how much Webporn of any variety is uplifting?
Still, it's hard to imagine those who are attracted to disabled people
referring to them as "crips" and "gimps." And I don't see any Latin-porn Web
sites calling themselves All Nude Spics. What makes it OK to be so demeaning
to transsexuals? Surely it ties in with prejudice against those who cross
gender and/or sexual boundaries, a prejudice that is still more socially
acceptable than those based on race, nationality, or disability.
But as I said in the beginning, sexuality is anarchic. It doesn't always
conform to notions of political correctness, never mind human kindness. It
may not even conform to your idea of who you are, which is why so many
straight guys find themselves drooling over a cock when it's attached to an
attractive (apparent) woman.
The sizable hetero market for she-males is yet another example of the
lawlessness of the erotic autobahn that stretches from our brains to our
genitals.


Gia Darling: The Official Web Site
This Web site by the she-male porn star Gia Darling, who also produces the
Transsexual Heartbreakers series, makes you pay, but I've included her site
because the free pictures feature some of the most feminine she-males on the
Internet.
Green Guy's Link-o-Rama Links to Quality She-male Sites
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Writing About Controversy
transgender Activists Challenge Professor's New BookBy Christopher LisottaProfessor J. Michael Bailey got a great turnout for the June 2 presentation
he gave at UCLA on his new book, "The Man Who Would Be Queen." More than 50
people packed a resource room on the Westwood campus to hear the
Northwestern University sociology professor explain the findings that became
the cornerstone of his research on gender-bending and transsexualism. But
not everyone in attendance was there out of reverence for Bailey. In fact,
many transgender people are highly critical of Bailey's work, calling it
overly simple and unrepresentative of the wide spectrum of diversity in the
male-to-female (MTF) experience. Some transgenders were so upset by Bailey's
work they got a reading he was going to give at A Different Light bookstore
in West Hollywood canceled.
Although his book also deals with patterns of behavior in gay men, Bailey
has been criticized in the transgender community because he defines MTF
transgenders as only fitting in one of two categories: homosexual and
autogenephilic, which he defines as "men erotically obsessed with the image
of themselves as women." At UCLA, Bailey went through his research and
explained his conclusions before taking questions from audience members who
questioned his science and his motivations for writing the book.
Longtime activist Shirley Bushnell was one of the Los Angeles-area
transgenders who attended Bailey's presentation. She said her initial
skepticism about the book played out after hearing Bailey speak. "He didn't
define anything to me," Bushnell said. "Masculine, feminine--that's all
circular. What he said could be said about natural-born females. He did
prove that society is stereotypically based. He proved the way society
operates. He didn't prove the science."
Bailey, a respected scholar, said he didn't expect such a turnout to what
usually is a fairly scientific, if not dry, presentation for fellow
academics. "I would say it was more civil than it might be, but it was still
unusual," he said of the audience reaction to his presentation. "I knew it
would be controversial, but I didn't anticipate the animosity."
Alexander Cho, a member of FTM Alliance of Los Angeles, a local activist
group that works on female-to-male transgender issues, who is also on the
West Hollywood Task Force on Transgender Issues, read the book and helped
lead the charge to have Bailey's reading at A Different Light changed to a
debate. Ultimately, the bookstore decided to cancel the reading, citing
complaints of an important customer base as the underlying reason for taking
Bailey off its event list. Was the request to cancel the reading from the
transgender community to the bookstore a problem for Cho, since he is part
of a community that for so long has been silenced by opposing forces?
"Part of me says yes, part of me says no," he said after Bailey's
presentation at UCLA, which he attended. "If people had a choice and didn't
buy the book, I'd prefer it."
"If this isn't censorship I don't know what is," Bailey countered, saying he
was disappointed that there had been a cancellation at A Different Light.
A Different Light employee Jay Danner disagreed with Bailey's charge. "We're
not saying the book shouldn't be published," Danner said. "We're saying we
don't agree with what the author has to say." Danner, who read parts of the
book, pointed out that the bookstore did not pull copies from the shelves in
response to the complaints, but will not restock the book once the few
copies it has have been sold.
Despite the tension surrounding "The Man Who Would Be Queen," Cho said he
was glad the presentation had been well attended, but was even more pleased
that people raised so many challenges to Bailey's arguments.
"Everyone said very intelligent and thought-provoking things," he said. "I
have a very positive feeling."


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Vol. 22, Iss. 05

 

Page 1
PSYCHOLOGY 337Human SexualityWinter 2003M-W, 2:00-3:20; Ryan Auditorium,
TechInstructor: Michael BaileyOffice: Swift 303B phone: 491-7429email:
jm-bailey@northwestern.eduOffice Hours: Monday 1-2, Tuesday 1-2 or by
appointment.TAs‚ Office Hours Elizabeth Latty (Cresap 225; 491-3820)
Thursday 1:30-2:30; e-latty@northwestern.eduJon Adler, (Annenberg 214;
467-1478) Wednesday 1:00-2:00; jadler@northwestern.eduSelin Kesebir: (Swift
007) Friday 11:00-12:00; s-kesebir@northwestern.eduRequired Text :Human
Sexuality by LeVay and Valente (Sinauer). Available at Norris Center
Bookstore.Course Packet: available at Copycat of EvanstonAbout the
courseThis course will focus on the science of sex. It is perhaps skewed
towardcontroversial and unusual aspects of sexuality. I'll primarily be
lecturing, but I hope toinspire discussion as well. Because sex makes some
people uncomfortable, and becausewe'll be talking about some very
controversial issues, it is important that everyone make aneffort to be
civil toward others and tolerant of other viewpoints. We will of course
betalking frankly about matters that many consider intimate and
personal.Several times during the quarter, I will plan guest speakers
outside of class. Thesewill probably include a panel of gay men; lesbians;
two transsexuals; a heterosexual malecrossdresser; and a dominatrix. Many
students find these to be quite rewarding. I will try toplan these for 4pm
(they will typically last 1 hour) and will announce them well in
advance.Attendance is not required but is strongly encouraged. The scheduled
dates (subject tochange) will be listed on the webpage as soon as they are
available.ExaminationsThere will be two exams for the course: a midterm and
a final. Both exams will bemultiple choice in format and will cover all
assigned reading, lecture material, and movies.Each exam will count for
approximately 50% of your final grade. The first midterm will beheld in
class on Wednesday February 5. The final exam will be held on Wednesday
March19,at 9am.The exams will be given only during the scheduled hours --
there will be no earlyexams, and hopefully no late exams. If a student
misses an exam, s/he should contact oneof the teaching assistants as soon as
possible. There will be a 10% penalty for taking amake-up exam unless the
student has a verified excuse from a doctor, a dean or the
athleticdepartment (athletic excuses should be okayed before the exam). Be
sure to mark the examdates clearly on your calendar so you won't miss them
or schedule other activities for thosedays.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Page 2
This is a guide for topics and readings. I may deviate from this a bit, and
will try to let youknow where I'm going if I do so. The „Readings‰ lists
tell you what you should be readingalong with for the lectures preceding the
lists. Some sections have lots more readings thanothers, so I‚d advise
reading ahead.January 6Evolution of Sex, Part 1January 8Evoluton of Sex,
Part 2January 13Evolution of Sex, Part 3January 15Evolution, Finale, Sex and
CultureReadings: Textbook (Chapters 1-2); Packet: Robert Wright ("Why men
are beasts");Steven Pinker's book chapterJanuary 20Sexual Differentiation
and Development,January 22Sex DifferencesJanuary 27Sexual Orientation and
Gender IdentityReadings: Textbook (Chapters 4-6, Chapter 7 pages 198-213,
Chapter 13),Packet: Bailey (Chapters from The Man Who Would Be Queen)January
29ParaphilliasReadings:Textbook (Chapter 14), Packet: Bailey and Greenberg
article on castrationFebruary 3RapeReadingsTextbook (Chapter 18), Packet:
GilbertFebruary 5 First ExamFebruary 10Childhood Sexual
AbuseReadings:Textbook (Chapter 12 pages 376-394)Packet: US News,
Rabinowitz, Doe, Rind article, Crews article; Bailey & ShriverFebruary
12Attraction and AttractivenessReadings:Textbook (Chapter 7 pages 191-198,
214-215)February 17Sexual ArousalReadings: Textbook (Chapter 3, Chapter 7
pages 216-223), Read Wagner inpacket; bring to classFebruary 19Sexual
Behavior and DysfunctionTextbook (Chapters 8, 15)February 24Sexually
Transmitted DiseasesReadings:Textbook (Chapter 16),Packet: Fumento, Symons
(„How risky is risky sex?‰)February 26Courtship and RelationshipsReadings:
Textbook (Chapter 9), Hatfield chaptersMarch 3Sex at NorthwesternMarch
5TBAMarch 19, 9-11AMFinal exam

 

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From lesbian and gay equality project, New Zealand, www.equality.org.za
New book on gay men and transsexuals causes stir in academia
J. Michael Bailey's new book, The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of
Gender-Bending and Transsexualism, has come under fire for, amongst other
things, challenging the common medical diagnosis of "gender-identity
disorder". It has also been praised by some as "the best book yet" on the
subject. Read more in the piece 'Dr Sex',by Robin Wilson, in The Chronicle
of Higher Education.
Posted on Wednesday, 18 June, 2003 at 14:00


From Chalcedon,
Another Sex Scandal: National Institute of Health J. Grant Swank, Jr. June
24, 2003 There go our tax dollars. Women are going to sit in front of porn
to see how their arousal takes to various hi tech machines. That‚s right.
And our money is going to underwrite this. As the Supreme Court dealt with
library porn, so the Court should deal with such obscene material being
handled by the National Institute of Health. Not pretty pictures here. Not a
wise use of funds. There are those in the academic community who are so
broadminded that their brains fell out long ago. And there are some on
tenure in these academic villages who will not give up on their liberal
fashions. They are there on staff. They are there to stay. They are there to
misspend taxpayers‚ money. They are there to morally mislead students on
campus. So it goes in a democracy. But not all Congresspersons are pleased
with this tax money going to write up sexual adventures. There are those
speaking out against the $26,000 going from fed moneys for a conference on
sexual arousal at the Kinsey Institute in Bloomington, Indiana. Yes, for
sure. Take note of the persons speaking out and email them your backing. "If
this conference needs funding, they ought to hit up [pornographer] Larry
Flynt, not taxpayers," said Rep. Jeff Flake, Arizona Republican. "With the
current state of the economy and government deficits, federal funds must be
spent responsibly," Mr. Flake and his House colleagues wrote. He sent his
letter to NIH Director Dr. Elias Adam Zerhouni. And to him you could also
send your communication: NIH, 9000 Rockville Place, Bethesda, MD 20892. "We
request an explanation of the criteria used for making project funding
decisions. Specifically, we wish to know why funding for viewing pornography
takes priority over funding for disease research," Mr. Flake stated. This
conference is "unanimously and enthusiastically" supported by the
Bethesda-based fed agency‚s board of review. It‚s part of a $147,000 NIH
grant for Northwestern University psych proffessor J. Michael Bailey‚s
project giving women money to sit in front of porn while using a machine
to detect their sex reactions. That‚s it, folks of America the great and
wondrous. Mr. Bailey is known also for his homosexual studies via his latest
publication, "The Man Who Would Be Queen." Has enough been said on this
particular venture to get your blood boiling into action? Then act. And
right quickly. J. Grant Swank, Jr., Pastor, New Hope Church, Windham, ME.
Author of 5 books and over 2000 articles in various publications. Weekly
columnist for the PORTLAND PRESS HERALD, Portland ME newspaper .

Don't miss a single issue: Get a Complimentary Subscription to the Chalcedon

Gelman D. Is this child gay? Born or bred: the origins of homosexuality. Newsweek, ( 1992 ,Feb 24 ). pp. 46- 53
-----
Grady D. Gay genes. Discover January 01, 1993
Denise Grady , "The Brains of Gay Men," Discover, January 1992. v.13, no.1, p.29
-----
Here’s Bailey promoting his own work on USENET:
From: Michael Bailey (jm-bailey@nwu.edu )
Subject: choice vs. biology (reference)
Date: 1993-12-22 00:09:17 PST
In the most recent issue of "Journal of Sex Research" there is an article entitled "Do biological explanations of homosexuality have moral, legal, or policy implications?" In my unbiased opinion, I think it's a definitive treatment.
Greenberg AS, Bailey JM. (1993). Do biological explanations of homosexuality have moral, legal, or policy implications? The Journal of Sex Research, 30 , 245-251.
Findings that implicate biological mechanisms in the etiology of homosexuality provoke a wide range of reactions concerning their ethical, legal, and policy ramifications. However, the mere fact of biological causation can have no implications which are not true of all behavior, because all behavior is biologically (specifically, neurophysiologically) caused at the most proximate level of explanation. Notwithstanding this conclusion, a particular type of biological causation that is not characteristic of all behavior could, in principle, have ethical, legal, or policy implications. We explore alternative senses in which homosexuality might be considered to be biological, including "innate" and "immutable," and show that "innate" explanations, at least, have some limited (though important) policy implications. More generally, however, we conclude that inferring ethical, legal, or policy consequences from etiological knowledge is much less straightforward than typically assumed.
See also:
Greenberg AS, Bailey JM. The irrelevance of the medical model of mental illness to law and ethics. Int J Law Psychiatry. 1994 Spring;17(2):153-73. PMID: 8050840
No abstract.
Greenberg AS, Bailey JM. Parental selection of children's sexual orientation. Arch Sex Behav. 2001 Aug;30(4):423-37; discussion 439-41. PMID: 11446202
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11446202
As we learn more about the causes of sexual orientation, the likelihood increases that parents will one day be able to select the orientation of their children. This possibility (at least that of selecting for heterosexuality) has generated a great deal of concern among supporters of homosexual rights, with such selection being widely condemned as harmful and morally repugnant. Notwithstanding this widespread condemnation, and even assuming, as we do, that homosexuality is entirely acceptable morally, allowing parents, by means morally unproblematic in themselves, to select for heterosexuality would be morally acceptable. This is because allowing parents to select their children's sexual orientation would further parent's freedom to raise the sort of children they wish to raise and because selection for heterosexuality may benefit parents and children and is unlikely to cause significant harm.
-----
Daryl Bem’s postscript to the Exotic Becomes Erotic theory of sexual orientation is very interesting, and cites Bailey:
http://comp9.psych.cornell.edu/dbem/ebe_politics.html


http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97jun/burr2.htm
Burr, C. Homosexuality and biology. The Atlantic Monthly, 1993, Volume 272, No. 3; pages 47 - 65.
Bio from Atlantic
CHANDLER Burr, the author of this month's cover story, "The AIDS Exception: Privacy vs. Public Health," could scarcely have anticipated a decade ago, when he was a graduate student in international economics, that his journalistic interests would take him in the direction that they have. His first submission to The Atlantic Monthly (flagged for attention by James Fallows, then our Washington editor, who had just returned from Asia) was a long, tortuous, strangely riveting account, which we were ultimately unable to use, of the obstacles that face a person trying to buy an American car in Japan. Burr eventually came back to us with a subject that engaged both his deep personal interest and his indefatigable curiosity. The article that resulted, "Homosexuality and Biology," looked at new scientific thinking about the origins of sexual orientation; it was The Atlantic 's cover story in March of 1993. From that article grew Burr's book A Separate Creation: The Search for the Biological Origins of Sexual Orientation (1996), whose "plain-spoken and matter-of-fact" reporting was singled out by the Los Angeles Times as being all the more remarkable in that the topic is often plagued by hype and controversy.
Chandler Burr, thirty-three, grew up in the Washington, D.C., area, and received his undergraduate degree from Principia College after academic forays in China, France, and Italy. In 1990 he received a masters degree in international economics from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Wherever he has found himself, Burr has maintained a parallel life as a writer. His reporting has been published in many national magazines, and his play Exquisite , which addresses questions of Japanese and American cultural and economic identity, was nominated in 1992 for the Helen Hayes Award for Outstanding New Play.
Related link:
The Gay Gene
A "Web page for the biological research of what makes people gay or straight," moderated by Chandler Burr.
From the archive:
"Homosexuality and Biology ," by Chandler Burr (March, 1993)
A report on the scientific study of sexual orientation.
Burr speaks on college campuses around the country about biological science, politics, and pertinent aspects of the law (these sessions have been described as "spirited"), and he is currently writing a book about civil rights and constitutional law. His article in this issue touches on all these areas, and takes a point of view that runs counter to that of the AIDS establishment. Burr argues that concerns about privacy have unreasonably been allowed to hamper the fight against a deadly and infectious disease. Some will angrily demur. We would argue that with lives at stake, scrutinizing orthodoxy from time to time is simple prudence. --THE EDITORS

 

Bailey JM, Pillard RC. Are some people born gay? Genetic theory is supported by a study of twins. New York Times, Dec 17, 1991, p. A21.Science is rapidly converging on the conclusion that sexual orientation is innate. It has found that homosexuals often act differently from heterosexuals in early childhood, before they have even heard of sex. A recent study by Simon LeVay, a neurobiologist at the Salk Institute, reported a difference in the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that develops at a young age, between homosexual and heterosexual men.
If true, a biological explanation is good news for homosexuals and their advocates.
Our own research has shown that male sexual orientation is substantially genetic. Over the last two years, we have studied the rates of homosexuality in identical and non-identical twin brothers of gay men, as well as adoptive brothers of gay men. Fifty-two percent of the identical twin brothers were gay, as against 22 percent of non-identical twins and 11 percent of the adoptive, genetically unrelated brothers.
In contrast, research on social factors has been fruitless. Despite many attempts, there has been no clear demonstration that parental behavior, even a parent's homosexuality, affects children's sexual orientation. Cultures tolerant of homosexuals do not appear to raise more of them than do less permissive societies.
Homophobes sometimes justify their prejudice against homosexuals by alleging that homosexuality is contagious -- that young homosexuals become that way because of older homosexuals and that homosexuality is a social corruption. Such beliefs form the core of the organized anti-homosexual movement. If homosexuality is largely innate, this would prove that these claims are groundless.
Given these implications, it may seem surprising that the biological studies disturb many gay and lesbian advocates. Misunderstanding them, the advocates often suggest that the search for a biological cause is motivated by an assumption that homosexuality is an illness. Behavioral scientists, however, have long searched for biological underpinnings of traits such as extraversion and intelligence, which no one considers to be negative. Furthermore, a biological explanation of homosexuality simultaneously explains heterosexuality.
This leads to a more pertinent fear of gays and lesbians, that people will assume that answers to moral questions hinge on the results of scientific study. Should a benevolent view of homosexuality depend on the assumption that it is innate? Are gays and lesbians to be tolerated only if they are "born that way"?
Regardless of what causes sexual orientation, there is no plausible justification for oppressing homosexuals. Reasons that have long been offered -- that homosexuals disproportionately molest children, convert heterosexuals to homsexuality, are mentally ill, betray their country -- have been shown to be false.
But homophobia remains the one form of bigotry that respectable people can express in public. If the long-overdue national debate on homosexuality took place, the poverty of the anti-homosexual case would become readily apparent.
If scientific study of the origins of sexual orientation would not directly resolve the public issue, why do it?
First, in can inform public debate. But equally important is the value of discovery, particularly self-discovery. A gay man with a heterosexual identical twin, both of whom we studied, put it this way: "I accepted being gay years ago, so that's not why I want to know. But sexual orientation is such an important part of my life -- anyone's life -- that I'm still curious why I turned out gay and my brother straight." How could anyone not be curious?
Michael Bailey is assistant professor of psychology at Northwestern University. Richard Pillard is associate professor of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine.
-----
Housed without permission at:
http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/scotts/bulgarians/nature-nurture/bailey-pillard.html


This from skylark, who apparently already sent an article. This deals with
Chris Crain, an executive with Southern Voice, Atlanta‚s gay newspaper.
June 22, 2003
Re: Chris Crain
I had pretty much given up on the Blade, and indeed the entire suite of
Window Media outlets, as a source of anything but increasingly narrow
information and opinion. Now it has come to my attention that, shortly after
arguing with me that the Blade does not have an anti-transgender editorial
bias, Chris Crain has in fact written a flagrantly anti-transgender
editorial. Upon examination, I can only come to the conclusion that he is
ignorant, bigoted, or cynical:
Ignorant, in his blatant disregard for the history and nature of what he
would like to cordon off as his own community, and the significance and
prevalence of transgender people within it;
Bigoted, in his scapegoating and fear-mongering that is no different in
principle from the "straight" world's bleating about "men in skirts teaching
our children and invading our bathrooms" - a trope which should be familiar
to anyone less historically inept than Crain;
Cynical, in his co-option of his boyfriend Alvear's tactics of
sensationalistic baiting purely for the sake of getting a rise out of any
subgroup that looks ripe for marginalization and ridicule.
In all likelihood, all three conditions pertain. That Crain has thus
revealed himself comes as no surprise, but it is no less disgusting.
Try to pull the walls of inherited privilege around yourself if you like.
Just as before, when the queer movement fought through exactly this kind of
idiocy on other fronts, what is right is what will prevail.
In the meantime, allow me to suggest that the Blade hire an editor who
actually knows, and has some compassion for, the full and real community.
Posted by skylark at June 22, 2003 01:57 PM


from Indiana Daily Insight,
In the June 23 issue of INDIANA LEGISLATIVE INSIGHT:
Next issue: June 30, 2003
· WED) The Washington Times reports that the "latest target of outrage" for
critics of the National Institutes of Health's continued funding of sex
studies: "$26,000 in federal funds for a conference on sexual arousal next
month at the Kinsey Institute in Bloomington, Ind. Discussion topics will
'include the relationship ... between sexual motivation and arousal,' and
development of 'guidelines for ... measurement of sexual response,' the
conference organizer wrote in his grant application. 'If this conference
needs funding, they ought to hit up [pornographer] Larry Flynt, not
taxpayers,' said Rep. Jeff Flake, Arizona Republican. NIH documents obtained
by The Washington Times show that the Bethesda-based federal agency's
grant-review panel 'unanimously and enthusiastically' endorsed next month's
conference where Northwestern University psychology professor J. Michael
Bailey will be a featured speaker. It was a $147,000 NIH grant for a Bailey
project paying women to view pornography while using an instrument called
a plethysmograph to measure their sexual responses that prompted 20
Republican members of Congress to sign a letter to the agency's director,
demanding an explanation for what they called 'a bizarre spending decision.'
'With the current state of the economy and government deficits, federal
funds must be spent responsibly,' Mr. Flake and his House colleagues wrote
in a March letter to NIH Director Dr. Elias Adam Zerhouni. 'We request an
explanation of the criteria used for making project funding decisions.
Specifically, we wish to know why funding for viewing pornography takes
priority over funding for disease research.' Mr. Bailey, whose latest book,
'The Man Who Would Be Queen,' examines homosexuality and other aspects of
sexual identity, is scheduled to participate in a panel about "Gender, Age &
Sexual Orientation" on July 15, the final day of the four-day conference.
The conference is funded through the NIH's National Institute of Child
Health and Human Development (NICHD). 'While the NIH can find money to pay
women to watch pornography and fund a conference to tell everyone the
obvious, funding for autism, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's research continues
to lag,' said Rep. Dave Weldon, Florida Republican, who is also a physician
.... A spokesman for NICHD noted that its Web site, describing the
institute's research mission, includes the statement: 'Learning about the
reproductive health of men and women and educating people about reproductive
practices is important to both individuals and societies.' Christine
Bachrach, chief of the NICHD's Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch,
defended the grant for the Kinsey Institute conference. 'The purpose of the
conference is to assess current scientific knowledge of behavioral,
psychological and biological factors relevant to sexual dysfunction and
sexual behavior including behaviors that spread sexually transmitted
diseases,' she said. 'This information is important for developing
treatments for sexual dysfunction and for preventing the spread of sexually
transmitted diseases.' Such explanations do not appease congressional
critics. "The federal government is pretty efficient at wasting money, but
this may be a new low," Mr. Flake said. 'Talk about being out of touch. How
do you think the average taxpayer is going to feel about having $26,000 of
their money spent on a conference to study sexual arousal?' "
· (WED) We told you a few days ago that a few Hoosier cities ranked high on
Old Spice's Top 100 Sweatiest Summer Cities list . . . and today we can
assure you that we fared better in Prilosec's "BurnTown Challenge," which
includes cities selected on the basis of having


from Washington Times, www.washtimes.com,
· WED) The Washington Times reports that the "latest target of outrage" for
critics of the National Institutes of Health's continued funding of sex
studies: "$26,000 in federal funds for a conference on sexual arousal next
month at the Kinsey Institute in Bloomington, Ind. Discussion topics will
'include the relationship ... between sexual motivation and arousal,' and
development of 'guidelines for ... measurement of sexual response,' the
conference organizer wrote in his grant application. 'If this conference
needs funding, they ought to hit up [pornographer] Larry Flynt, not
taxpayers,' said Rep. Jeff Flake, Arizona Republican. NIH documents obtained
by The Washington Times show that the Bethesda-based federal agency's
grant-review panel 'unanimously and enthusiastically' endorsed next month's
conference where Northwestern University psychology professor J. Michael
Bailey will be a featured speaker. It was a $147,000 NIH grant for a Bailey
project paying women to view pornography while using an instrument called
a plethysmograph to measure their sexual responses that prompted 20
Republican members of Congress to sign a letter to the agency's director,
demanding an explanation for what they called 'a bizarre spending decision.'
'With the current state of the economy and government deficits, federal
funds must be spent responsibly,' Mr. Flake and his House colleagues wrote
in a March letter to NIH Director Dr. Elias Adam Zerhouni. 'We request an
explanation of the criteria used for making project funding decisions.
Specifically, we wish to know why funding for viewing pornography takes
priority over funding for disease research.' Mr. Bailey, whose latest book,
'The Man Who Would Be Queen,' examines homosexuality and other aspects of
sexual identity, is scheduled to participate in a panel about "Gender, Age &
Sexual Orientation" on July 15, the final day of the four-day conference.
The conference is funded through the NIH's National Institute of Child
Health and Human Development (NICHD). 'While the NIH can find money to pay
women to watch pornography and fund a conference to tell everyone the
obvious, funding for autism, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's research continues
to lag,' said Rep. Dave Weldon, Florida Republican, who is also a physician
.... A spokesman for NICHD noted that its Web site, describing the
institute's research mission, includes the statement: 'Learning about the
reproductive health of men and women and educating people about reproductive
practices is important to both individuals and societies.' Christine
Bachrach, chief of the NICHD's Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch,
defended the grant for the Kinsey Institute conference. 'The purpose of the
conference is to assess current scientific knowledge of behavioral,
psychological and biological factors relevant to sexual dysfunction and
sexual behavior including behaviors that spread sexually transmitted
diseases,' she said. 'This information is important for developing
treatments for sexual dysfunction and for preventing the spread of sexually
transmitted diseases.' Such explanations do not appease congressional
critics. "The federal government is pretty efficient at wasting money, but
this may be a new low," Mr. Flake said. 'Talk about being out of touch. How
do you think the average taxpayer is going to feel about having $26,000 of
their money spent on a conference to study sexual arousal?' "
· (WED) We told you a few days ago that a few Hoosier cities ranked high on
Old Spice's Top 100 Sweatiest Summer Cities list . . . and today we can
assure you that we fared better in Prilosec's "BurnTown Challenge," which
includes cities selected on the basis of having
_________________________________________________________________
Add photos to your messages with MSN 8. Get 2 months FREE*.
http://join.msn.com/?page=features/featuredemail

 

18 July 2003


Transsexuality Treatise Triggers Furor


Northwestern University psychologist J. Michael Bailey has stirred up a
hornet‚s nest that is refusing to calm down. His book about male
transsexuals, The Man Who Would Be Queen, has provoked furious reactions for
its dismissal of an accepted theory of transsexuality. And this month, two
women Bailey interviewed for the book have filed complaints with the
university, claiming he did not properly inform them of their status as
research subjects.
The uproar began this spring after the publication of Bailey‚s book, much of
which is based on interviews with male-to-female transsexuals he met in
Chicago bars. Although the book has been praised by many, especially
evolutionary psychologists, transsexuals have been up in arms, calling it
"hateful" and "junk science." They object to Bailey's categorization of two
types of transsexuals: homosexuals so effeminate they want to be women, and
"autogynephilic" males who are erotically stimulated by seeing themselves as
women. Many transsexuals regard this as demeaning and dismissive of their
claim that they are women trapped in men's bodies.
Bailey has many friends among transsexuals and has written letters for some
recommending them for sex reassignment surgery. Nonetheless, says Stanford
University neurobiologist Ben Barres, a transsexual, "This is one of the
most unsympathetic portrayals of transsexuality ever written." Earlier this
month, a transsexual named Anjelika Kieltyka, who had been interviewed by
Bailey, complained to the university that he never told her that their
conversations were part of his research. So did another woman who has
remained anonymous. Northwestern says the complaints will be looked into.
Academics have taken action as well. Joan Roughgarden, a transsexual
biologist also at Stanford, has called on the publisher, the Joseph Henry
Press--an imprint of the National Academy of Sciences--to disown the book.
The editors last month issued a statement saying that reviewers found the
book "a well-crafted and responsible work on a difficult topic" but
acknowledging that the controversy took them by surprise. Last week, five
academic transsexuals wrote a public letter to the Harry Benjamin
International Gender Dysphoria Association, urging it to get involved in the
cause.
Bailey, who had been talking freely to the press, has now clammed up on the
advice of a lawyer. Last month, however, he told the Chronicle of Higher
Education that he is "very pro-gay," but "I can't be a slave to
sensitivity."
--CONSTANCE HOLDEN
Related sites
Read the book online
Lynn Conway's site about the book
Statement by Joseph Henry Press executive editor Steven Mautner
Categorically wrong, another Web site about the book


© 2002 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

 



Third complaint filed against sex research
By Jennifer Leopoldt
July 24, 2003
Another transsexual woman who met Northwestern Prof. J. Michael Bailey while receiving a clearance letter for sex change surgery has filed a formal complaint with NU, saying Bailey used information from an interview with her without telling her she was a research subject.
Her claim, filed Wednesday, is the third thus far, following a July 3 complaint from Anjelica Kieltyka, a psychology student in NU's School of Continuing Studies, and a July 14 complaint from another woman.
Officials in NU's Office of Research received the complaints and are aware of the identities of the second and third claimants, but the women have chosen to remain otherwise anonymous.
The claimants met Bailey through Kieltyka, who brought Latina transsexual women to Bailey between 1994 and 1998 in her role as a transsexual advocate. Bailey interviewed them and wrote letters recommending sex-reassignment surgery.
All three complaints allege Bailey never asked the women to sign consent forms or alerted them that they were research subjects. His latest book, "The Man Who Would Be Queen," includes stories of some women he interviewed.
Bailey, chair of NU's psychology department, also invited some of the women to speak in his human sexuality class. Two of the complaints allege that Bailey misrepresented them to students.
"The damage to our lives and the lives of all the other Hispanic Transexual women who were unwitting research subjects and 'guest lecturers' is irretrievable," the second complaint states.
Bailey said students often find it "very rewarding" to watch the women present in class.
"Reading about science can be dry," he said. "Seeing real people often helps."
Kieltyka said although Bailey did not ask the women to sign consent forms, he told them he was writing a book and they verbally gave consent for him to use their stories. Still, she said they did not know the book would be marketed as research.
Bailey's book upholds sex researcher Ray Blanchard's theory of two types of transsexuals -- homosexual transsexuals and autogynephilics. The third complaint calls the classifications "insidiously malicious, demeaning and libelous."
But Bailey said he stands by his book.
"I didn't write the book so groups would like or dislike me," he said. "I wrote it so people could learn about stuff."
Bailey said he knew his work would be controversial and assumed some people might speak against his beliefs.
"I was not totally surprised at the reaction," Bailey said. "I was surprised at the degree of hostility and how relentless they've been."
http://www.dailynorthwestern.com/vnews/display.v/ART/2003/07/24/3f1f72c378697

 

http://www.dailynorthwestern.com/vnews/display.v/ART/2003/07/24/3f1f72c378697?in_archive=1

http://bric.postech.ac.kr/science/97now/03_7now/030718b.html

http://www.broken-rainbow.de/D/transsex_haesslich.html

Nothing new, but it's nice to see this is going international. Ask me if you need this translated.

http://www.isiswomen.org/pub/we/thisweek.html

 

Friday, July 25, 2003 · Last updated 9:51 a.m. PT
Transsexuals accuse author of misconduct
By LINDSEY TANNER
AP MEDICAL WRITER
CHICAGO -- At least two transsexual women have accused the chairman of
Northwestern University's psychology department of using them as research
subjects without consent in a controversial new book on gender-bending.
The women say Professor J. Michael Bailey engaged in research misconduct,
and they further contend the book makes them out to be perverted freaks.
The book, "The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and
Transsexualism," is "a slam, a major derogatory expose of transsexuals,"
said Anjelica Kieltyka, 52, who filed a complaint with Northwestern earlier
this month.
Bailey mentions Kieltyka by name in the book as having introduced him to
transsexuals in Chicago. Kieltyka said Bailey also uses pseudonyms in
referring to her and several acquaintances in discussing theories that
depict some transsexuals as having a mental illness involving sexual
fetishes.
University of Pennsylvania bioethicist Art Caplan said the complaints are
groundless if the women simply disagree with his theories, since Bailey is
protected by free speech.
But the women allege that it the book was a research project and that they
were never asked to consent to participate - claims that, if true, could
violate university ethics guidelines.
Universities take such issues pretty seriously, and scientists have been
suspended from doing research or lost their jobs over such claims, Caplan
said.
In an e-mail Thursday, Bailey declined to address Kieltyka's claims. But he
said some prominent professors at other schools who have sided with the
women are trying to censor the book.
Bailey discusses the controversy on his Web site and says claims that his
book portrays transsexuals as deviant are "hysterical and false."
He says the most criticized part of his book involves another researcher's
theory that male-to-female transsexuals include some men who are not gay but
become sexually aroused "at the idea of being a woman."
Kieltyka said three women featured in the book had filed complaints so far
and that more may be coming. Some of the women are in this country illegally
and do not want to be identified, said Kieltyka, who calls herself their
mentor.
Northwestern spokesman Alan Cubbage said Thursday that he knew of only two
complaints and that the university has referred them to the school's office
of vice president for research. Northwestern "will respond to the complaints
using its established policies and procedures," Cubbage said in a statement.
He declined further comment.
Kieltyka, who was born a man, had sex-change surgery in 1992. An artist and
photographer, she enrolled as an undergraduate at Northwestern in the late
1990s. She said she is on medical leave from the school.
She had previously met Bailey and referred several transsexual acquaintances
to him so that he could sign approval forms they needed to get sex-change
operations. Some of them also gave talks to some of his classes and shared
details of their lives with him, she said.
Afterward, Bailey told them, "Guess what? I'm writing a book," Kieltyka
said.
She said that she thought it would be a "journalistic" piece, not a
science-oriented, theory-based work, and that she strongly objected to the
book when Bailey showed her a draft.
"I was misused and the other girls were misused, and the book that is the
result of his bogus research is absolutely hurting," she said.
Caplan said books and other publications are generally considered research
if they are based on a systematic method of collecting data, including an
analysis of field notes or questionnaires.
"If you're just collecting stories, that's not a research method," said
Caplan, who had not read the book.
Academic scientists are required to notify their schools' institutional
review boards about proposed research, and it is up to the boards to
determine when participants' consent is necessary, Caplan said.
---
On the Net:
Kieltyka's complaint:
http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/TS/LynnsReviewOfBaileysBook.html
Bailey's Web site:
http://www.psych.northwestern.edu/psych/people/faculty/bailey


 

I was wondering if this is of any use. The following study seems to undermine explanatory value in AG theory and in using sexual orientation as a category to distinguish between transwoman.
"As for the attraction not changing with surgery, a survey By M. Royle and
P. Thomas (published in the proceedings of the Gendys 2K Conference),
surgeons to whom many of your patients have been referred, shows 5% of 200
of their patients responding to their survey of patients 1997-2000 shifted
in attraction towards females post-SRS, and 40% towards men."
And Anne Lawrence's' paper seems to question this theory as it relates to any predictive value regarding treatment outcomes. (It would be interesting to use her research against Bailey & the AG theory).
Lawrence: "Most indicators of transsexual typology, such as age at surgery, previous marriage or parenthood, and sexual orientation, were not significantly associated with subjective outcomes."
http://www.annelawrence. com/portlandpaper1.html
Lawrence, A. A. (2003). Factors associated with satisfaction or regret following male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 299-315.So - if we have neither explanatory nor predictive value we have ...astrology? Does this make sense?


[Tyler Cowen, 7:26 AM]

Contact Information:
Phones:
My work phones are:
  703-993- 2312 (primary)
  703-993- 4910 (secondary)
My home phone is 703-534 5020.
Email is tcowen@gmu.edu.
Mailing address at work is:
        MSN 1D3, Carow Hall
        James M. Buchanan Center
        George Mason University
        Fairfax, VA 22030.

http://volokh.com/2003_07_20_volokh_archive.html#105922959282067694

Not really a post about sex

Have you ever wanted to read a book about the science of transsexuals, written in the style of Ridley, Pinker, or Dawkins? Why are there two quite different kinds of transsexuals? Why is it after all, that some men go only to she-male prostitutes? Check out J. Michael Bailey's The Man Who Would be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism. I cannot vouch for the contents but for me it was a fascinating read. And it has enough about actual sex to satisfy your prurient side as well. Recommended.


from the July 1993 issue of Technology Review that addressed research conducted by proponents of a 'gay gene' (there are also comments in the article about Simon Le Vay's research conclusions):
sources on the web: <http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/scotts/bulgarians/billings-beckwith.html>
A related problem cropped up in a study by Michael Bailey, a psychologist at Northwestern University, and Richard Pillard, a psychiatrist at Boston University School of Medicine. In research published in 1991 in Archives of General Psychiatry, they reported that among identical twins reared together, each individual had a high probability (52 percent) of being homosexual if the other twin was. For nonidentical twins, adopted brothers, and non-twin siblings, the correlations were much lower (22, 11, and 9 percent, respectively).
The researchers solicited participation for their study through advertisements in gay newspapers. But this could well have produced a biased sample. It is not unreasonable to think that identical twins who are both openly homosexual would be more likely to volunteer for such a study because of the shared knowledge that they are both comfortable with their sexuality. Furthermore, if one gay twin "comes out" it might be easier for the other to do the same.
While the authors interpreted their findings as evidence for a genetic basis for homosexuality, we think that the data in fact provide strong evidence for the influence of the environment. On average, both non-identical twins and non-twin siblings share 50 percent of their genes. If homosexuality were a genetic trait, the pairs in these groups should besexual a similar percentage of the time. They certainly should be homosexual more often than adopted siblings. But Bailey and Pillard's data do not fit those predictions.
Their results could instead stem from the uniform conditions under which some identical twins are raised, frequently dressed identically by parents and viewed similarly by outsiders. The environment could also figure in the fact that almost half the identical twins did not share sexual preference.
Authors (written in 1993): PAUL BILLINGS, formerly chief of the Division of Genetic Medicine at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco, is now head of general internal medicine at the Palo Alto Veterans Administration Hospital. JONATHAN BECKWITH is American Cancer Society research professor in the Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics at Harvard Medical School.


All passages from Bartov book, Mirrors of Destruction,

p. 83, While evil reigns supreme, its messengers are faceless; they wear the dull mask of Adolf Eichmann in the glass cage.


p. 165, For while the history of remaking and unmaking of humanity is about the actions and perceptions of individuals and collectives, it is just as much about the marginalization, confinement, or destruction of the "un" or "subhuman, " the socially, physically, or culturally "unfit."


p. 232, Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis(1916) heralded an understanding of out century's predilection for dehumanization: Gregor Samson "realizes" his monstrosity(turned into a cockroach, as I recall) only when he sees it reflected in the eyes of his family.


The Pitfalls of Professionalism: Science, Art, and the Enneagram1
© John Fudjack - November, 1995
http://tap3x.net/EMBTI/page15.html


Another name to add to your Northwestern list is
> Dr. Richard A. Carroll, a therapist who works for the Medical School there.
> He wrote a paper entitled, "The diversity of psychosocial outcomes for
> individuals with gender dysphoria," which was received at the 1997 HBIGDA
> convention in Vancouver. This paper uses Blanchard's taxonomy, and the
> "case study" composites tend towards describing AG. Unfortunately I no
> longer have a copy of this article.
> http://www.symposion.com/ijt/hbigda/vancouver/carroll.htm
>
> Carroll was second author with Dr. Maryann Schroder, University of Chicago,
> for another paper presented at the same conference, "Sexological and
> psychological outcomes of male-to-female gender reassignment surgery in 17
> new women." Reading the abstract, all the "New Woman" references reminded
> me of Anne Lawrence - sure enough, Schroder is mentioned in some of
> Lawrence's early writings on AG. Also, mention is made of a unique
> instrument for measuring neo-vaginal sensitivity - perhaps a precursor to
> Bailey's instrumentation?
> http://www.symposion.com/ijt/hbigda/vancouver/schroder.htm
>
> I met Carroll in the spring of 2002, shortly after coming out to my family.
> My mother found him on her own, trying to find a "neutral" and "objective"
> perspective. My parents and my sister had a couple of sessions with him,
> and I joined them for one big happy family therapy hour. He's a short
> nerdish-looking man, and he came across rather wishy-washy to me at the
> time. Apparently he really helped my sister to accept that I wasn't totally
> off the deep end (she thought I was being brainwashed by a Wiccan cult) as
> well as assuring my folks that transition was a legitimate and logical
> course of treatment, although they were pretty much on board already.
>
> Carroll was the 2002/2003 president of the Society for Sex Therapy and
> Research (Schroder is the current Continuing Education Officer). The 2003
> SSTAR Annual Meeting last March included a symposium on pedophilia led by
> James Cantor and Ray Blanchard. Also in attendence were Stephen Levine
> (collaborator for the 2001 Standards of Care and participant at a 2002 IASR
> meeting in Hamburg of which Baily was secretary) and Roy Baummeister (ditto
> for the 2002 IASR meeting).


From a reader August 28 2003

>I ran across Bailey's defenses of _The
>Bell Curve_ back in 1994, including one where he asserted that the SAT was
>an IQ test because it
>showed a correlation of around .7 with real IQ tests (meaning, of course,
>that only 49% of the
>variation in SAT scores could be explained by IQ scores; that is not, to
>my mind, an indication
>that one can substitute for the other); this was in response to a quote
>from the president of the
>ETS asserting that the SAT was not an IQ test, and he essentially accused
>her of not knowing what
>she was talking about. They're worth reading because they show a pattern
>of denying the existence
>of debate in certain fields; he asserts that certain issues in
>psychometrics are completely
>settled when in fact they're hotly debated.
>
>In fact, it seems to me that the "gay" part of TMWWBQ suffers from many of
>the same problems as
>TBC; the research reported is valid and honest, but it isn't the whole
>story; for example, in TBC
>Murray and Herrnstein demonstrated that IQ (or a proxy thereof) was a
>better predictor of
>occupational success than a particular measure of parental socioeconomic
>status. What they didn't
>mention, though, is that there's no one "right" way to measure parental
>SES, and while the measure
>they used was entirely legitimate, there are other, equally legitimate,
>ways of measuring it, and
>that other researchers running the same analysis with those other measures
>got substantially
>different results. I think the Paul Varnell column you linked to does a
>good job of pointing out
>alternative explanations for gay male behavior that aren't based on
>"femininity," explanations
>that Bailey simply didn't consider.
>
>The "trans" part of TMWWBQ, on the other hand, doesn't report any actual
>research, and therefore
>is completely unlike TBC. But Bailey does seem rather susceptible to the
>trap of assuming that if
>the data are consistent with a particular hypothesis they must support it,
>even if they're equally
>consistent with contradictory hypotheses.
>
>I did a Google Groups search first on "jm-bailey@nwu.edu" and "sci.stat"
>and then just on the
>email address. A lot of the results were uninformative (posts to groups
>about Macintosh hardware,
>CD-roms, and music) but there were some gems like the post to a
>transgender group asking if any
>fetishists were willing to be videotaped performing their fetishes (one
>example of which was
>"auto-erotic asphyxiation"!). The Bell Curve threads tend to be the
>biggest ones. I think you
>ought to read them because they illustrate four things:
>
>1) The tone he uses when responding to criticism
>
>2) The denial of debate within a field
>
>3) The general tendency to claim that anyone who reached
>different conclusions than he did is uninformed or dishonest
>
>4) The failure to consider alternative explanations


Hi Andrea,

I agree with your approach to relegate the B-B-L approach to an earlier wave of study, one that has crashed on the shore and been followed by others. I think of it as one of the many failed directions that scientists try before the find the right one.

I also think that both Blanchard and Bailey need to be exposed for their poor use of statistics in their research. Biased samples and influence of their approval authority on the honesty of answers come to mind first, but their assumption that early and late transitioners are entirely separate and differentiated categories is another problem - assuming that they are not separate would then lead to an examination of the damaging effects of repressing TS feelings early in life instead of Zucker's preferred approach of recommending such repression. I would like to see a study that would examine whether autogynephilia, to the extent that it exists, is an effect of deferred transsexuality rather than a cause of it.

Trained as I was as an engineer, Blanchard, Bailey and that crowd remind me of two elements of the mechanic's approach to engineering:

"When all you have is a hammer, the whole world looks like a nail";

and

"If it doesn't fit, get a bigger hammer"


Someone as academic as Bailey should at least have done his homework
insofar as using the word science as if it carried the authority of
dispassionate logical reasoning. Even hard sciences like physics,
chemistry, etc work within a framework of assumptions, however
abstract. There's a book called _The Structure of Scientific
Revolutions_ - Thomas Kuhn on the philosophy of science that really puts
this well. It goes more in depth, but the cliffs notes version is that
you may use reason at certain points in the scientific method, but the
scientific method itself differs from person to person, research aims
are personal choice, and even if scientific method and Aristotelian
logic are used they still rely on a bevy of assumptions that especially
in the case of something as complex as personality is too personal to
really claim as obviously valid the axioms from which he claims to
reason. It's something Bailey as a "scientist" should be familiar with,
and the book is something he should *own*, being a book generally given
to undergraduates studying the philosophy of science. But he's
published and validated by research journals.. what am i thinking..
anything he says must be gospel *makes gagging motions*

 


I found a website, referenced by the columnist Andrew Sullivan and it's a link from his website.

It's
www.independentgayforum.com <http://www.independentgayforum.com>

If this link doesn't work right away, go to
www.andrewsullivan.com <http://www.andrewsullivan.com>

and then click on independent gay forum. There are many subjects and well reasoned and smart articles.
There is an article from the subject list on gender or sexuality, on Bailey's book. I will look this book up and see if I can read it. I'm learning to find as many titles as possible from the quacks out there, like Bailey, Throckmorton, Joseph Nicolosi, et al, and other so called 'expert' psychiatric doctors touted by the religious orgs. These men and women have a religious bias and screamingly bad science in their reporting which really serves nothing but time honored bigotry and fear.
The more titles I can compile, it's easier to make a consensus. That way their common agenda will be a lot more prominent, and not at all cloaked falsely in compassionate expertise as most people think it is.

 


Symposium at APS conference , May 27-30, 2004

http://www.psychologicalscience.org/convention/program/search/results.cfm?AbAuthor=39816

Sex Atypicality and Attractiveness in Gay and Heterosexual People

Amber K. Siler-Knogl
Barry University
Gerulf Rieger
Northwestern University
J. Michael Bailey
Northwestern University
Abstract
Gay people are more sex-atypical (e.g. feminine men, masculine women), yet they don't seem to seek sex-atypical partners. However, this study suggests that while sex atypicality enhances attractiveness, independently, homosexuality has a negative effect, especially for men. Thus, a yet undefined factor seems to detriment the attractiveness of gay people.
Gender and Sexual Orientation Differences in Self-report Arousal to Sexually Explicit Images

Elizabeth M. Latty
Northwestern University
Elizabeth A. Sullivan
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
J. Michael Bailey
Northwestern University
Abstract
Sexually explicit images were used in conjunction with the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). Self report ratings of these images resulted in significant differences for gender and sexual orientation in undergraduates. These results support previous research demonstrating category-specificity for men and provide further evidence of a more complex pattern of sexual arousal in women.


Presidential Symposium
The New Biological Bases of Behavior
Thirty years ago interest in the biological bases of behavior included primarily work on physiological psychology and perhaps on ethology. Although those two fields continue strongly today and have made great advances, contemporary research into biological bases of behavior include many new topics and techniques that would have seemed astonishing only 30 years ago. This symposium includes exemplars from three research traditions that are relatively recent: study of intact neural processing through functional neuroimaging; information gained from the revolution in genetics and behavior genetics; and insights derived from asking about the evolutionary origins of behavior. Julie Fiez of the University of Pittsburgh, Michael Bailey of Northwestern University, and David Buss of the University of Texas at Austin will, respectively, describe their research programs in these three fascinating new areas of inquiry into the biological underpinnings of mind and behavior.
Henry L. Roediger, III (Chair)
Washington University in St. Louis
J. Michael Bailey
Northwestern University
Julie Fiez
University of Pittsburgh
Neuroimaging Studies of Working Memory
The advent of functional neuroimaging provided an exciting method for understanding the neural basis of cognition. Early work often focused on mapping brain activity. More recent findings provide novel insights into theoretical models derived from behavioral research. To illustrate this point, fMRI studies that investigate alternative accounts of working memory will be discussed.
David Buss
University of Texas at Austin
Sexual Conflict in Human Mating
This paper presents a new theory about the evolution of sexual conflicts including: 1) deception and defenses against deception; 2) induction of bidding wars among prospective mates; 3) infidelity; 4) mate poaching; 5) mate guarding; and 6) post-breakup stalking. Discussion focuses on co-evolutionary arms races in the origins of sexual conflict.


The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America -- October 2004 -- Volume 116, Issue 4, pp. 1905-1908
Full Text:  [  HTML    Sectioned HTML    PDF (54 kB)    GZipped PS  ]    Order
The influence of sexual orientation on vowel production (L)
Janet B. Pierrehumbert and Tessa Bent
Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, 2016 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208–4090
Benjamin Munson
Department of Speech–Language–Hearing Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455
Ann R. Bradlow
Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, 2016 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208–4090
J. Michael Bailey
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Swift Hall 102, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208–2710
(Received 12 February 2004; revised 30 June 2004; accepted 2 July 2004)
Vowel production in gay, lesbian, bisexual (GLB), and heterosexual speakers was examined. Differences in the acoustic characteristics of vowels were found as a function of sexual orientation. Lesbian and bisexual women produced less fronted /u/ and / / than heterosexual women. Gay men produced a more expanded vowel space than heterosexual men. However, the vowels of GLB speakers were not generally shifted toward vowel patterns typical of the opposite sex. These results are inconsistent with the conjecture that innate biological factors have a broadly feminizing influence on the speech of gay men and a broadly masculinizing influence on the speech of lesbian/bisexual women. They are consistent with the idea that innate biological factors influence GLB speech patterns indirectly by causing selective adoption of certain speech patterns characteristic of the opposite sex. © 2004 Acoustical Society of America.